Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy approach that involves a dual stimulation process. During an EMDR session, a qualified professional will instruct the client to recall a past traumatic experience. While the client in conjuring up these memories, the therapist will ask the client to move his or her eyes from side-to-side. To encourage eye movement, the therapist may make bilateral movements using his or her first three fingers for the client to follow along.
EMDR was initially used to assist in the treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, this approach is now being used to treat other mood and anxiety disorders. EMDR may be appropriate when past trauma is contributing to current symptoms. This treatment is now being used to help with panic disorder, panic attacks, and agoraphobia.
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